FAO in Myanmar
FAO’s Presence in Myanmar
Myanmar became a member of FAO on 11 September 1947. FAO's presence in Myanmar is regulated by an exchange of letters between the Minister of Agriculture and Forests in Myanmar and the Director General of FAO on 26 September 1977 and 18 October 1977. The FAO Representation was established in 1978, when the first FAO Representative was appointed. Since then, eight FAO Representatives have served in the country. Ms Bui Thi Lan, a national of Vietnam, has succeeded Mr. Shin Imai FAO Representative in Myanmar, with effect from 19 November 2011.
Objectives and Overview of FAO’s Operation in Myanmar
Agriculture is very important in Myanmar, and development in this sector contributes directly to progress in Millenium Development Goal 1 and indirectly to all other MDGs through its critical role in rural livelihoods and income. Myanmar’s agricultural potential means that it is an important country in the context of regional and international food security. FAO is the main agency providing technical and policy advice to the agriculture sector. FAO is assisting sector development through:
- Creating sustainable increase in the supply and availability of food and other agricultural products;
- Promoting and developing policy and development frameworks for food, agriculture, livestock, fisheries and forestry sectors;
- Promoting sustainable use of natural resources for food and agriculture;
- Improving decision-making through the provision of information, including sector assessments and the fostering of knowledge management systems for food and agriculture.
Over the past 30 years, FAO has provided assistance through over 100 country projects in addition to many regional field projects in the cropping, livestock, fisheries and forestry sectors. Areas of work have included agriculture and rural investment planning; production and processing technology improvement; marketing; census and statistics; and research and policy development. The total expenditure from 1978 to 2011 is over 193 million USD.
FAO focus areas include:
- Support to rice production
- Development of oil crop production and processing
- Enhancing food security through the strengthening of the institutional capacity for seed production
- Ongoing support to the rehabilitation of farming, coastal fisheries and aquaculture livelihoods in the Ayeyawady Region
- Support to country efforts to control avian influenza and other animal diseases, linked to regional disease control efforts
- Sustainable small-scale fisheries and aquaculture livelihoods in coastal mangrove ecosystems. Transferring fishing rights to local communities.
- Developing information systems for decision making to improve food security and nutrition in the region
- Improving livelihoods in the Northern Rakhine State
- Developing smallholder dairy production linked to regional dairy development
- Planning for Myanmar agricultural census
- Conducting national supply chains studies in the livestock sector, including cattle and buffaloes, dairy cattle, pigs and small ruminants (sheep and goats)
FAO has a country wide mandate and has specific projects in the Delta, Dry Zone and Shan State areas as well as in Mon State and Tanintharyi Region.
Government/UN/NGOs: Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Ministry of Environmental Conservation & Forestry, Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development, UN Agencies, INGOs, LNGOs.
Ms. Bui Thi Lan, FAO Representative in Myanmar
Global : http://www.fao.org