Country Information

Myanmar Main Issues

Myanmar State Flag changed 

The State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) issued new State Flag Law with SPDC Council law (8/2010) prescribed in Section 437 (a) of State Constitution 2008 and hoisting ceremony of the new State Flag of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar took place in front of the SPDC Office on 21 October, 2010 at Nay Pyi Taw.

Myanmar formed new Government

In accord with the 2008 constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, Presidential election was held on 4 February 2011. In the course of parliamentary sessions, U Thein Sein, former Prime Minister was elected as new President of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, while Thiha Thura U Tin Aung Myint Oo and Dr. Sai Mauk Kham were elected as Vice- Presidents. Read more...>>Myanmar Main Issues 

Myanmar Economy and  the role of Agriculture

Myanmar is an agricultural country, and the agriculture sector is the back bone of its economy.  The Agriculture sector contributes for 32% (2009-2010) of the GDP; 17.5% of the total export earnings, and employs 61.2% of the labour force.  The State has laid down 12 political, economic and social objectives in its effort to establish a peaceful, modern and developed country.  One of the major economic objectives is “Development of Agricultural as a base and all-round development of other sectors of the economy as well”.

Myanmar Agriculture Policies

  • To allow freedom of choice in agricultural production;
  • To expand agricultural land and to safeguard the rights of farmers;
  • To encourage the participation of private sector in the commercial production of seasonal and perennial crops, and distribution of farm machineries and other inputs;
  • To encourage research and development acticities for the improved quality and increase in the production of agricultural crop

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Myanmar Forest Policies

In view of the importance of the Myanmar forestry sector in enhancing national socio-economic development, and ensuring ecological balance and environmental stability, the Myanmar Forestry Policy has been formulated in a holistic and balanced manner within the overall context of the environment and sustainable development taking full cognizance of the forestry principles adopted at the United Nations Conference on Environment Development (UNCED), 1992.   Read more...»

The Policy has identified the following six imperatives:

  • Protection  of soil, water, wildlife, biodiversity and environment;
  • Sustainability of forest resources to ensure perpetual supply of both tangible and intangible benefits accrued from the forests for the present and future generations;
  • Ensure that basic Needs of the people for fuel, shelter, food and recreation are guaranteed;
  • Efficiency to harness ithe full economic potential of the forest resources in asocio-environmentally friendly manner, ;
  • Participation of the people in the conservation and utilization of the forests; and
  • Public Awareness about the vital role of the forests in the well being and socio-economic development of the nation.

Myanmar Livestock and Fishery Sector Policies

Fisheries and livestock in Myanmar Economy

The fishery and livestock sectors areconsidered as the most important ones after the agriculture sector to fulfill the protein requirement of the Myanmar population and to provide the food security as well as to get the opportunity for the employment to a large number of fishery and livestock communities and rural dwellers. Livestock and fisheries sectors contributed 7.6% to national G.D.P in 2009-2010 fiscal year in Myanmar. Main objectives of these policies are:

  • To boost distribution of quality fish and animal strains;
  • To strive for all-round development of fish and meat production sector;
  • To exceed the fish and meat production to cover domestic consumption and ensure export and foreign exchange;
  • To make arrangements to increase investments in the fishery and livestock sector;
  • To further development prawn breeding;
  • To protect and conserve the fishery resources both in freshwater fisheries and marine fisheries;
  • To improve the socio-economic standard of farmers raising and production livestock, fish and prawn under the leadership of the government. 


Hybrid rice of Myanmar
Upland rice of Myanmar
Myanmar Teak
Fisherman Myanmar
Dairy cattles in Myanmar